Morton Feldman (1926-1987)

1   Rothko Chapel (1971) [26:21]

     Kim Kashkashian, viola
     Steven Schick, percussion
     Sarah Rothenberg, celeste
     Lauren Snouffer, soprano
     Sonja Bruzauskas, mezzo-soprano

     Houston Chamber Choir
     Robert Simpson, conductor

Erik Satie (1886-1925)

2   Gnossienne No. 4 (1891) [3:36]

     Sarah Rothenberg, piano

John Cage (1912-1992)

3   Four² (1990) [6:28]

     Houston Chamber Choir

Erik Satie

4   Ogive No. 1 (1886) [3:04]

     Sarah Rothenberg, piano

John Cage

5   ear for EAR (Antiphonies) (1983) [4:09]

     L. Wayne Ashley, tenor
     Houston Chamber Choir
     Robert Simpson, conductor

Erik Satie

6   Ogive No. 2 (1886) [3:07]
7   Gnossienne No. 1 (1890) [5:16]

     Sarah Rothenberg, piano

John Cage

8   Five (1988) [5:07]

     Houston Chamber Choir

Erik Satie

9   Gnossienne No. 3 (1890) [3:30]

     Sarah Rothenberg, piano

John Cage

10   In a Landscape (1948) [9:42]

       Sarah Rothenberg, piano

Rothko Chapel: Morton Feldman, Erik Satie, John Cage

Released in October of 2015, the Houston Chamber Choir's latest recording has taken the classical music world by storm. Rothko Chapel: Morton Feldman, Erik Satie, John Cage is a collaborative effort with Grammy-Award winning artist Kim Kashkashian, Da Camera of Houston with Artistic Director Sarah Rothenberg, percussionist Steven Schick, and the Houston Chamber Choir conducted by Robert Simpson. The album was produced by Grammy-Award winner Judith Sherman, and was released on the legendary ECM label.

Rothko Chapel is quickly entering the standard recording repertoire, distinguished Academic Libraries across the world have added Rothko Chapel to their treasured collections, among them Princeton University, the Eastman School of Music, The Boston Conservatory and The Julliard School.


“This terrific concept album traces a line of spiritual inspiration from the eccentric Erik Satie to the experimentalist Morton Feldman, by way of the avant-garde guru John Cage.”
— Chicago Tribune

“Best classical albums of 2015: No. 5.”
— Jeremy Eichler, The Boston Globe

“Conceived by pianist Sarah Rothenberg, this attractive 20th century programme celebrates both the cross-pollination of inspiration between art and music as well as between musicians.  We are reminded that John Cage was inspired by Erik Satie, Morton Feldman by Cage, and Mark Rothko’s inspiration included that from composers including Cage and Feldman."
— Musicweb International (United Kingdom)

“The performances are absolutely first-rate.  Kim Kashkashian’s playing constitutes a historical palimpsest in itself…She demonstrates Rothko Chapel to be the temporally multivalent masterpiece it is…Sarah Rothenberg’s pianism on the Satie and Cage miniatures is decisive without eschewing subtlety; she employs a more meditative approach…Steve Schick’s modern music credentials need no introduction.. and the Houston Chamber Choir, under Robert Simpson’s direction, is superb.”
— Fanfare

“On ECM’s superb and captivating Rothko Chapel an elite group of musicians interprets Morton Feldman’s sublime title piece and several others by John Cage and, the father of western musical modernism, Erik Satie. The disc explores the common conceptual and stylistic threads between the Feldman and Cage’s works and their origins in Satie’s oeuvre.

“Although Feldman’s composition is not recorded in the Chapel itself the ambience is evocative of the physical building itself. The spiritual sanctuary and painter Mark Rothko’s exquisite art are reflected in the solemn yet vibrant performance. Violist Kim Kashkashian, one of the premier practitioners of her instrument, coaxes out of it a melancholic melody that floats over percussionist Steven Schick’s kaleidoscopic array of chimes, beats and rumbles. The splendid Houston Chamber Choir under conductor Robert Simpson’s elegant direction provides haunting collective vocalese that Schick and his tolling bells underscore. Soprano Lauren Snouffer and mezzo-soprano Sonja Bruzauskas alternate ethereal wordless songs with Kashkashian’s poignant pizzicato. Pianist Sarah Rothenberg, playing the dulcet celeste, buoys and punctuates Kashkashian’s eastern flavored solo with her crystalline keys.

“The remainder of the program replicates the Chapel’s 70th anniversary concert as it alternates pieces by Satie and Cage. Most of these feature Rothenberg’s innovative pianism. Given her deep immersion in 20th century music and its cultural significance Rothenberg, indeed, is the ideal person to explore this creative connection between the two trailblazing composers.

“On Satie’s ‘Gnossienne #3’ Rothenberg’s cascading, rolling chords resonate and echo pensively. Immediately following it is Cage’s serene, incandescent ‘In a Landscape.’ Rothenberg uncovers an undercurrent of subtle passion in the otherwise angular, limpid and contemplative sonic picture.

“Sandwiched between Satie’s ‘Ogive #1’ and ‘Ogive #2’ is Cage’s transcendent ‘Ear For Ear (Antiphonies).’ Rothenberg gracefully melds the softer elements of Satie’s compositions with brisk and percussive sounds. She expresses splendidly the continuum between the cerebral and emotive inherent in these two short works. Simpson and Houston Choir channel Cage’s otherworldly liturgy. Waves of tense exchanges between tenor L.Wayne Ashley and the rest of vocalists enhance the somber and dramatic atmosphere.

“This brilliant and provocative album is not only homage to an inimitable artwork, the Rothko Chapel; it also contains infrequently documented masterpieces. As such it exposes the aesthetic and ideological threads that tie together the creative legacy of three ingenious pioneers of the musical Avant-Garde.”
— All About Jazz

Four Stars: “[Cage’s In a Landscape and Erik Satie’s Ogives and Gnossiennes] are marvellously strange and weightless in the hands of pianist Sarah Rothenberg.”
— The Independent (London)

Four Stars: “Kim Kashkashian (viola), Sarah Rothenberg (piano), Steven Schick (percussion) and the Houston Chamber Choir conducted by Robert Simpson hold stillness in their hands.”
— Financial Times (London)

“…In all ways a disk that excels in thoroughgoing programming brilliance, performative superiority and compositional exceptionality.”
— Classical Modern Spot

“This 1971 choral work was composed in memory of Rothko after he killed himself and was commissioned by the Texas church for which the artist had been creating a series of murals. It’s a passionate, reverent piece with elegiac playing here from violist Kim Kashkashian – she paints bolder strokes than many dare in Feldman, which is refreshing. The Houston choir’s singing is warm and percussionist Steven Schick creates a great sense of space and ritual. The rest of the album explores a web of connections between John Cage’s Four2, Five, ear for EAR and In a Landscape and Erik Satie’s Ogives and Gnossiennes. The latter are marvellously strange and weightless in the hands of pianist Sarah Rothenberg.”
— Kate Molleson, The Guardian

“Some works quietly become masterpieces: Morton Feldman’s intense, spare and evocative Rothko Chapel (written for the octagonal building in Houston that houses his paintings) was challenging when new […] now it seems an utterly natural, hieratic procession of contrasted friezes in which not a note is out of place […] the sequence that follows of Erik Satie piano pieces (Sarah Rothenberg) and John Cage choral fragments (Houston Chamber Choir) traces a hypnotic line of innovation. In a week of mourning, a moving hour of reflection.”
— Nicholas Kenyon, The Observer (five stars)